In Bible versions:
a small town on the east slope of the Mount of Olives
a town located east of the Jordan river
the house of song; the house of affliction
Bethany = "house of dates" or "house of misery"
1) a village at the Mount of Olives, about two miles (3 km) from
Jerusalem, on or near the normal road to Jericho
2) a town or village on the east bank of the Jordan, where John was
963 Bethania bay-than-ee'-ah
of Chaldee origin; date-house; Beth-any, a place in
Bethabara = "house of the ford"
1) a place beyond Jordan, where John was baptising. This may
correspond to Bethbarah (fords of Abarah), the ancient ford
of the Jordan on the road to Gilead
962 Bethabara bay-thab-ar-ah'
of Hebrew origin (1004 and 5679); ferry-house; Bethabara (i.e.
Bethabarah), a place on the Jordan:-Bethabara.
see HEBREW for 01004
see HEBREW for 05679
house of dates. (1.) The Revised Version in John 1:28 has this word instead of Bethabara, on the authority of the oldest manuscripts. It appears to have been the name of a place on the east of Jordan.
(2.) A village on the south-eastern slope of the Mount of Olives (Mark 11:1), about 2 miles east of Jerusalem, on the road to Jericho. It derived its name from the number of palm-trees which grew there. It was the residence of Lazarus and his sisters. It is frequently mentioned in connection with memorable incidents in the life of our Lord (Matt. 21:17; 26:6; Mark 11:11, 12; 14:3; Luke 24:50; John 11:1; 12:1). It is now known by the name of el-Azariyeh, i.e., "place of Lazarus," or simply Lazariyeh. Seen from a distance, the village has been described as "remarkably beautiful, the perfection of retirement and repose, of seclusion and lovely peace." Now a mean village, containing about twenty families.
A village on the eastern slope of the Mount of Olives, John 11:18
Mary, Martha, and Lazarus dwell at, Luke 10:38-41
Lazarus dies and is raised to life at, John 11
Jesus attends a feast in, Matt. 26:6-13
; John 12:1-9
The colt on which Jesus made his triumphal entry into Jerusalem obtained at, Mark 11:1-11
Jesus sojourns at, Matt. 21:17
; Mark 11:11
(house of dates, or house of misery
), a village which, scanty as are the notices of it contained in Scripture, is more intimately associated in our minds than perhaps any other place with the most familiar acts and scenes of the last days of the life of Christ. It was situated "at" the Mount of Olives, (Mark 11:1
; Luke 19:29
) about fifteen stadia (furlongs, i.e. 1 1/2 or 2 miles) from Jerusalem (John 11:18
) on or near the usual road From Jericho to the city, (Luke 19:29
) comp. Mark 11:1 comp. Mark 10:46 And close by the west(?) of another village called Bethphage, the two being several times mentioned together. Bethany was the home of Mary and Martha and Lazarus, and is now known by a name derived from Lazarus--el-Azariyeh
. It lies on the eastern slope of the Mount of Olives, fully a mile beyond the summit, and not very far from the point at which the road to Jericho begins its more sudden descent towards the Jordan valley. El-?Azariyeh
is a ruinous and wretched village, a wild mountain hamlet of some twenty families. Bethany has been commonly explained "house of dates," but it more probably signifies "house of misery." H. Dixon, "Holy Land," ii. 214, foll.
In the Revised Version for BETHABARA
, (John 1:28
) where Jesus was baptized by John. It was probably an obscure village near Bethabara, and in time its name faded out and was replaced by the larger and more important Bethabara.
- beth'-a-ni (Bethania):
(1) A village, 15 furlongs from Jerusalem (Jn 11:18), on the road to Jericho, at the Mount of Olives (Mk 11:1; Lk 19:29), where lived "Simon the leper" (Mk 14:3) and Mary, Martha and Lazarus (Jn 11:18 f). This village may justifiably be called the Judean home of Jesus, as He appears to have preferred to lodge there rather than in Jerusalem itself (Mt 21:17; Mk 11:11). Here occurred the incident of the raising of Lazarus (Jn 11) and the feast at the house of Simon (Mt 26:1-13; Mk 14:3-9; Lk 7:36-50; Jn 1:2:1-8). The Ascension as recorded in Lk 24:50-51 is thus described: "He led them out until they were over against Bethany: and he lifted up his hands, and blessed them. And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he parted from them, and was carried up into heaven."
Bethany is today el `Azareyeh ("the place of Lazarus"--the L being displaced to form the article). It is a miserably untidy and tumble-down village facing East on the Southeast slope of the Mount of Olives, upon the carriage road to Jericho. A fair number of fig, almond and olive trees surround the houses. The traditional tomb of Lazarus is shown and there are some remains of medieval buildings, besides rock-cut tombs of much earlier date (PEF, III, 27, Sheet XVII).
(2) "Bethany beyond the Jordan" (Jn 1:28; the King James Version Bethabara; Bethabara, a reading against the majority of the manuscripts, supported by Origen on geographical grounds): No such place is known. Grove suggested that the place intended is BETH-NIMRAH (which see), the modern Tell nimrin, a singularly suitable place, but hard to fit in with Jn 1:28; compare 2:1. The traditional site is the ford East of Jericho.
E. W. G. Masterman