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GREEK: 4519 sabawy sabaoth
NAVE: Armies
EBD: Sabaoth
ISBE: SABAOTH
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armies

In Bible versions:

armies: NET
hosts: NET
Sabaoth: AVS NASB TEV
the Lord Almighty: NIV
Lord of hosts

Greek

Strongs #4519: sabawy sabaoth

1) "Lord of Sabaoth"
1a) Lord of the armies of Israel, as those who are under the
leadership and protection of Jehovah maintain his cause in war

4519 sabaoth sab-ah-owth'

of Hebrew origin (6635 in feminine plural); armies; sabaoth (i.e.
tsebaoth), a military epithet of God:-sabaoth.
see HEBREW for 06635

Sabaoth [EBD]

the transliteration of the Hebrew word tsebha'oth, meaning "hosts," "armies" (Rom. 9:29; James 5:4). In the LXX. the Hebrew word is rendered by "Almighty." (See Rev. 4:8; comp. Isa. 6:3.) It may designate Jehovah as either (1) God of the armies of earth, or (2) God of the armies of the stars, or (3) God of the unseen armies of angels; or perhaps it may include all these ideas.

Armies [NAVE]

ARMIES
Who of the Israelites were subject to service in, Num. 1:2, 3; 26:2; 2 Chr. 25:5; who were exempt from service in, Num. 1:47-50; 2:33; Deut. 20:5-9; Judg. 7:3.
Enumeration of Israel's military forces, Num. 1:2, 3; 26:2; 1 Sam. 11:8; 2 Sam. 18:1, 2; 24:1-9; 1 Kin. 20:15; 2 Chr. 25:5.
Levies for, Num. 31:4; Judg. 20:10.
Compulsory service in, 1 Sam. 14:52.
See: Cowardice.
Chain of command: Commander-in-chief, 1 Sam. 14:50; 2 Sam. 2:8; 8:16; 17:25; 19:13; 20:23; generals of corps and divisions, Num. 2:3-31; 1 Chr. 27:1-22; 2 Chr. 17:12-19; captains of thousands, Num. 31:14, 48; 1 Sam. 17:18; 1 Chr. 28:1; 2 Chr. 25:5; of hundreds, Num. 31:14, 48; 2 Kin. 11:15; 1 Chr. 28:1; 2 Chr. 25:5; of fifties, 2 Kin. 1:9; Isa. 3:3.
See: Cavalry; Chariots.
Rendezvous of. Methods employed in effecting: Sounding a trumpet, Num. 10:9; Judg. 3:27; 6:34; 1 Sam. 13:3, 4; cutting oxen in pieces, and sending the pieces throughout Israel, 1 Sam. 11:7.
Refusal to obey the summons, instance of, Judg. 21:5-11, with Judg. 20.
Tactics: Camp and march, Num. 2.
March in ranks, Ex. 13:18 [marg.]; 1 Chr. 12:33; Joel 2:7.
Move, in attack, in three divisions, Judg. 7:16; 9:43; 1 Sam. 11:11; 13:17, 18; 2 Sam. 18:2; Job 1:17.
Flanks called wings, Isa. 8:8.
See: Strategy.
Orders delivered with trumpets, 2 Sam. 2:28; 18:16; 20:1, 22; Neh. 4:18, 20.
Stratagems: Ambushes, at Ai, Josh. 8:2-22; Shechem, Judg. 9:25, 34; Gibeah, Judg. 20:29-43; Zemaraim, 2 Chr. 13:13.
By Jehoshaphat, 2 Chr. 20:22.
Recooissances: Of Jericho, Josh. 2:1-24; Ai, Josh. 7:2, 3; Beth-el, Judg. 1:23, 24; Laish, Judg. 18:2-10.
Night attacks, Gen. 14:15; Judg. 7:16-22.
Decoy, Josh. 8:4-22; Judg. 20:29-43; Neh. 6.
Delay, 2 Sam. 17:7-14.
Celerity of action: Abraham, in pursuit of Chedorlaomer, Gen. 14:14, 15.
Joshua, against the Amorites, Josh. 10:6, 9; the confederated kings, Josh. 11:7.
David's attack upon the Philistines, 2 Sam. 5:23-25.
Forced marches, Isa. 5:26, 27.
Sieges: Jer. 39:1; of Jericho, Josh. 6; Samaria, 2 Kin. 6:24-33; 7; Jerusalem, 2 Kin. 25:1-3.
"Engines'' used, 2 Chr. 26:15; Jer. 6:6 [marg.]; Ezek. 26:9.
Fortifications, Judg. 9:31; 2 Sam. 5:9; 2 Kin. 25:1; 2 Chr. 11:11; 26:9; Neh. 3:8; 4:2; Isa. 22:10; 25:12; 29:3; 32:14; Jer. 6:6; 32:24; 33:4; 51:53; Ezek. 4:2; 17:17; 21:22; 26:8; 33:27; Dan. 11:15, 19; Nah. 2:1; 3:14.
Standards, Num. 2:2, 3, 10, 17, 18, 25, 31, 34; 10:14, 18, 22, 25.
Uniforms of, Ezek. 23:6, 12; Nah. 2:3.
Standing armies, 1 Sam. 13:2; 1 Chr. 27; 2 Chr. 1:14; 17:12-19; 26:11-15.
Religious ceremonies attending: Seeking counsel from God before battle, Num. 27:21; Judg. 1:1; 1 Sam. 14:19, 37-41; 23:2-12; 30:8; 2 Sam. 2:1; 5:19, 23; 1 Kin. 22:7-28; 2 Kin. 3:11-19; 1 Chr. 14:10, 14; Jer. 37:7-10; sacrifices, 1 Sam. 13:11, 12; purifications, Num. 31:19-24; prophets prophesy before, 2 Chr. 20:14-17; holiness enjoined, Deut. 23:9; officers consecrate themselves to God, 2 Chr. 17:16.
Army choir and songs, 2 Chr. 20:21, 22.
Ark taken to battle, Josh. 6:6, 7, 13; 1 Sam. 4:4-11.
Divine assistance to: When Aaron and Hur held up Moses' hands, Ex. 17:11, 12; in siege of Jericho, Josh. 6; sun stands still, Josh. 10:11-14; Gideon's victory. Judg. 7; Samaria's deliverances, 1 Kin. 20; 2 Kin. 7; Jehoshaphat's victories, 2 Kin. 3; 2 Chr. 20; angel of the Lord kills the Assyrians, 2 Kin. 19:35.
Determine royal succession, 2 Sam. 2:8-10; 1 Kin. 16:16; 2 Kin. 11:4-12.
Composed of insurgents, 1 Sam. 22:1, 2.
Mercenaries, 2 Sam. 10:6; 1 Chr. 19:6, 7; 2 Chr. 25:5, 6.
Confederated, Josh. 10:1-5; 11:1-5; Judg. 1:3; 2 Sam. 10:6, 15, 16, 19; 1 Kin. 15:20; 22:1-4; 2 Kin. 16:9; 18:19-21; 1 Chr. 19:6, 7; 2 Chr. 16:2-9; 18:1, 3; 20:1; 22:5; 28:16, 20; Psa. 83:1-12; Isa. 7:1-9; 8:9-12; 54:15.
Exhorted before battle, Deut. 20:1-9.
Battle shouts, Judg. 7:18; 1 Sam. 17:20, 52.
Triumphs of, celebrated: With songs, Judg. 5; 1 Sam. 18:6, 7; music, 2 Chr. 20:28; dancing, 1 Sam. 18:6, 7.
Rewards for meritorious conduct: The general offers his daughter in marriage, Josh. 15:16, 17; king offers his daughter, 1 Sam. 17:25; 18:17-28; promotion, 2 Sam. 23:8-39; 1 Chr. 11:6, 10-47; share the spoils, Num. 31:25-47.
Children instructed in military arts, 2 Sam. 1:18.
Insubordination in, punished, Achan, Josh. 7.
Check roll-call, 1 Sam. 14:17; Num. 31:48, 49.
Panics: Isa. 30:17; among the Midianites, Judg. 7:21; Philistines, 1 Sam. 14:15-19; Syrians, 2 Kin. 7:7-15.
Soldiers destroy each other to escape captivity, 1 Sam. 14:20; 31:4-6.
Champions fight instead of, 1 Sam. 17:8-53; 2 Sam. 2:14-17; 21:15-22.
Confidence in, vain, Psa. 33:16; 44:6.
Escort duty performed by, 2 Kin. 1:9; Acts 23:23, 24, 31-33.
Roman army: Captains of, Acts 22:24-29; centurions, Matt. 8:5, 8; 27:54; Luke 7:2; 23:47; Acts 10:1, 7, 22; 21:32; 22:26; 23:17, 23; 24:23; 27:1, 11, 43; 28:16.
Divided into "bands,'' Acts 10:1; 27:1.
For other than armies of the Israelites and Romans, See: Amalekites; Assyria; Babylon; Egyptians; Midianites; Persia; Syria.
For commissaries of, See: Commissary.
For weapons used, See: Armor.
See: Ambush; Cavalry; Fort; Garrison; Hostages; Navy; Recooissance; Siege; Soldiers; Spies; Standard; Strategy; Truce; War.
Figurative
Deut. 33:2; 2 Kin. 6:17; Psa. 34:7; 68:17; Rev. 9:16.

SABAOTH [ISBE]

SABAOTH - sab'-a-oth, sa-ba'-oth.

See GOD, NAMES OF, III, 8; LORD OF HOSTS.




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