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HEBREW: 746 Kwyra 'Aryowk
NAVE: Arioch
EBD: Arioch
Arieh | Ariel | Aright | Arimathaea | Arimathea | Arioch | Arisai | Aristarchus | Aristobulus | Arithmetic | Arius


In Bible versions:

king of Ellasar, a town in Mesopotamia
the captain of the Nebuchadnezzar's guard

long; great; tall


Strongs #0746: Kwyra 'Aryowk

Arioch = "lion-like"

1) the ancient king of Ellasar, ally of Chedorlaomer
2) the chief of the executioners for Nebuchadnezzar

746 'Aryowk ar-yoke'

of foreign origin; Arjok, the name of two

Arioch [EBD]

lion-like, venerable. (1.) A king of Ellasar who was confederate with Chedorlamer (Gen. 14:1,9). The tablets recently discovered by Mr. Pinches (see CHALDEA »758) show the true reading is Eri-Aku of Larsa. This Elamite name meant "servant of the moon-god." It was afterwards changed into Rimsin, "Have mercy, O moon-god." (2.) Dan. 2:14.

Arioch [NAVE]

1. King of Ellasar, Gen. 14:1, 9.
2. Captain of Nebuchadnezzar's guard, Dan. 2:14, 15, 24, 25.


  1. The king of Eliasar, one of the allies of Chedorlaomer in his expedition against his rebellious tributaries. (Genesis 14:1) (B.C. 1921-1912.)
  2. The captain of Nebuchadnezzar?s body-guard. (Daniel 2:14) etc.
  3. Properly Eirioch , or Erioch , mentioned in Judith 1:6 as king of the Elymaeans.


ARIOCH - ar'-i-ok: ('aryokh):

(1) The name of the vassal king of Ellasar, under Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, and Amraphel, king of Shinar (Babylonia), who took part in the expedition against Sodom, Gomorrah and other states (Gen 14:1,9). Assyriologists generally, and probably rightly, identify Arioch with Eri-Aku (which see), king of Larsa, Ellasar being for Al-Larsa (now Sinqara in central Babylonia).

Texts Referring to the Reign of Arioch:

For an account of the expedition see AMRAPHEL, and for the Babylonian texts bearing upon the reign, see ERI-AKU. In Gen 14:1,9, where the names of the allied kings who marched against the Cities of the Plain are given, that of Arioch follows his more immediate suzerain, Amraphel, and not Chedorlaomer, who, however, appears to have been the real overlord (verse 4), which agrees with the indications of the Bah records. No details of the expedition are available from Babylonian sources. Besides Larsa, Eri-Aku's inscriptions inform us that Ur (Muqayyar, Mugheir) was in the principality of which Larsa was the capital.

(2) The Arioch of Dan 2:14,25 was captain of the bodyguard of King Nebuchadnezzar. Nothing else is known about him except that it was he who was commanded to slay the "wise men" who failed to repeat to the king his dream and its interpretation; and who communicated to his royal master that Daniel had undertaken the task.

T. G. Pinches

TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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