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HEBREW: 6021 asme `Amasa'
NAVE: Amasa
EBD: Amasa
Amana | Amanuensis | Amariah | Amarias | Amarna, Tell El- | Amasa | Amasai | Amashai | Amashai Or Amashai | Amashi-ali | Amashsai


In Bible versions:

son of David's sister Abigail and Jether the Ishmaelite
prince of Ephraim under Ahaz

sparing the people


Strongs #06021: asme `Amasa'

Amasa = "burden"

1) son of Ithra or Jether by Abigail the sister of David and general
of the army of Absalom
2) son of Hadlai and a prince of Ephraim in the reign of king Ahaz

6021 `Amasa' am-aw-saw'

from 6006; burden; Amasa, the name of two
see HEBREW for 06006

Amasa [EBD]

burden. (1.) The son of Abigail, a sister of king David (1 Chr. 2:17; 2 Sam. 17:25). He was appointed by David to command the army in room of his cousin Joab (2 Sam. 19:13), who afterwards treacherously put him to death as a dangerous rival (2 Sam. 20:4-12).

(2.) A son of Hadlai, and chief of Ephraim (2 Chr. 28:12) in the reign of Ahaz.

Amasa [NAVE]

1. Nephew of David, 2 Sam. 17:25; 1 Chr. 2:17.
Joins Absalom, 2 Sam. 17:25.
Returns to David, and is made captain of the army, 2 Sam. 19:13.
Slain, 2 Sam. 20:8-12; 1 Kin. 2:5, 32.
2. Son of Hadlai, 2 Chr. 28:12.


(a burden).
  1. Son of Ithra, or Jether, by Abigail, David?s sister. (2 Samuel 17:25) He joined in Absalom?s rebellion, B.C. 1023, was appointed commander-in-chief and suffered defeat by Joab. (2 Samuel 18:6) David, incensed against Joab for killing Absalom, forgave Amasa and appointed him Joab?s successor. (2 Samuel 19:13) Joab afterwards, when they were both in pursuit of the rebel Sheba, pretending to salute Amasa stabbed him with his sword. (2 Samuel 20:10)
  2. A prince of Ephraim, son of Hadlai, in the reign of Ahaz. (2 Chronicles 28:12)


AMASA - a-ma'-sa (`amasa', or read `ammishai, i.e. `am yishai, "people of Jesse"): The form `amasa', is based upon a mistaken etymology (from = `amac "to burden").

(1) According to 2 Sam 17:25, Amasa is the son of Abigail, the sister of Zeruiah and David, and Ithra, an Israelite; but another source, 1 Ch 2:17, calls his father Jether the Ishmaelite. He was a nephew of David and a cousin of Absalom, who made him commander of the army of rebellion. When the uprising had been quelled, David, in order to conciliate Amasa, promised him the position held by Joab; the latter had fallen from favor (2 Sam 19:13 ff). When a new revolt broke out under Sheba, the son of Bichri (2 Sam 20), Amasa was entrusted with the task of assembling the men of Judah. But Joab was eager for revenge upon the man who had obtained the office of command that he coveted. When Amasa met Joab at Gibeon, the latter murdered him while pretending to salute (2 Sam 20:8-10; 1 Ki 2:5).

(2) Son of Hadlai, of the Bene 'Ephrayim ("Children of Ephraim"), who, obeying the words of the prophet Oded, refused to consider as captives the Judeans who had been taken from Ahaz, king of Judah, by the victorious Israelites under the leadership of Pekah (2 Ch 28:12).

H. J. Wolf

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