In Bible versions:
a mountain range east of the Jordan and the Dead Sea (OS)
(31° 45´, 35° 44´)
Abarim = "regions beyond"
1) a mountain or range of mountains on the east of the Jordan, in the
land of Moab, opposite to Jericho; Mount Nebo is part of this range
5682 `Abarim ab-aw-reem'
plural of 5676; regions beyond; Abarim, a place in
see HEBREW for 05676
regions beyond; i.e., on the east of Jordan, a mountain, or rather a mountain-chain, over against Jericho, to the east and south-east of the Dead Sea, in the land of Moab. From "the top of Pisgah", i.e., Mount Nebo (q.v.), one of its summits, Moses surveyed the Promised Land (Deut. 3:27; 32:49), and there he died (34:1,5). The Israelites had one of their encampments in the mountains of Abarim (Num. 33:47,48) after crossing the Arnon.
), a mountain or range of highlands on the east of the Jordan, in the land of Moab, facing Jericho, and forming the eastern wall of the Jordan valley at that part. Its most elevated spot was "the Mount Nebo, ?head? of ?the? Pisgah," from which Moses viewed the Promised Land before his death. These mountains are mentioned in (Numbers 27:12
) and Deuteronomy 32:49
- ab'-a-rim, a-ba'-rim (`abharim): The stem idea is that of going across a space or a dividing line, or for example a river. It is the same stem that appears in the familiar phrase "beyond Jordan," used to denote the region East of the Jordan, and Hellenized in the name Peraea. This fact affords the most natural explanation of the phrases `the mountains of the Abarim' (Nu 33:47,48
); `this mountain-country of the Abarim' (Nu 27:12
; Dt 32:49
); Iye-abarim, which means "Heaps of the Abarim," or "Mounds of the Abarim" (Nu 21:11
). In Nu 33:45
this station is called simply Iyim, "Mounds." It is to be distinguished from the place of the same name in southern Judah (Josh 15:29
). The name Abarim, without the article, occurs in Jer (22:20 the Revised Version (British and American), where the King James Version translates "the passages"), where it seems to be the name of a region, on the same footing with the names Lebanon and Bashan, doubtless the region referred to in Nu and Deuteronomy. There is no reason for changing the vowels in Ezek 39:11
, in order to make that another occurrence of the same name.
When the people of Abraham lived in Canaan, before they went to Egypt to sojourn, they spoke of the region east of the Jordan as "beyond Jordan." Looking across the Jordan and the Dead Sea they designated the mountain country they saw there as "the Beyond mountains." They continued to use these geographical terms when they came out of Egypt. We have no means of knowing to how extensive a region they applied the name. The passages speak of the mountain country of Abarim where Moses died, including Nebo, as situated back from the river Jordan in its lowest reaches; and of the Mounds of the Abarim as farther to the southeast, so that the Israelites passed them when making their detour around the agricultural parts of Edom, before they crossed the Arnon. Whether the name Abarim should be applied to the parts of the eastern hill country farther to the north is a question on which we lack evidence.
Willis J. Beecher