Reading Plan 
Daily Bible Reading (daily) August 6

Isaiah 31:1--33:24

Egypt Will Disappoint

31:1 Those who go down to Egypt for help are as good as dead, 1 

those who rely on war horses,

and trust in Egypt’s many chariots 2 

and in their many, many horsemen. 3 

But they do not rely on the Holy One of Israel 4 

and do not seek help from the Lord.

31:2 Yet he too is wise 5  and he will bring disaster;

he does not retract his decree. 6 

He will attack the wicked nation, 7 

and the nation that helps 8  those who commit sin. 9 

31:3 The Egyptians are mere humans, not God;

their horses are made of flesh, not spirit.

The Lord will strike with 10  his hand;

the one who helps will stumble

and the one being helped will fall.

Together they will perish. 11 

The Lord Will Defend Zion

31:4 Indeed, this is what the Lord says to me:

“The Lord will be like a growling lion,

like a young lion growling over its prey. 12 

Though a whole group of shepherds gathers against it,

it is not afraid of their shouts

or intimidated by their yelling. 13 

In this same way the Lord who commands armies will descend

to do battle on Mount Zion and on its hill. 14 

31:5 Just as birds hover over a nest, 15 

so the Lord who commands armies will protect Jerusalem. 16 

He will protect and deliver it;

as he passes over 17  he will rescue it.

31:6 You Israelites! Return to the one against whom you have so blatantly rebelled! 18  31:7 For at that time 19  everyone will get rid of 20  the silver and gold idols your hands sinfully made. 21 

31:8 Assyria will fall by a sword, but not one human-made; 22 

a sword not made by humankind will destroy them. 23 

They will run away from this sword 24 

and their young men will be forced to do hard labor.

31:9 They will surrender their stronghold 25  because of fear; 26 

their officers will be afraid of the Lord’s battle flag.” 27 

This is what the Lord says –

the one whose fire is in Zion,

whose firepot is in Jerusalem. 28 

Justice and Wisdom Will Prevail

32:1 Look, a king will promote fairness; 29 

officials will promote justice. 30 

32:2 Each of them 31  will be like a shelter from the wind

and a refuge from a rainstorm;

like streams of water in a dry region

and like the shade of a large cliff in a parched land.

32:3 Eyes 32  will no longer be blind 33 

and ears 34  will be attentive.

32:4 The mind that acts rashly will possess discernment 35 

and the tongue that stutters will speak with ease and clarity.

32:5 A fool will no longer be called honorable;

a deceiver will no longer be called principled.

32:6 For a fool speaks disgraceful things; 36 

his mind plans out sinful deeds. 37 

He commits godless deeds 38 

and says misleading things about the Lord;

he gives the hungry nothing to satisfy their appetite 39 

and gives the thirsty nothing to drink. 40 

32:7 A deceiver’s methods are evil; 41 

he dreams up evil plans 42 

to ruin the poor with lies,

even when the needy are in the right. 43 

32:8 An honorable man makes honorable plans;

his honorable character gives him security. 44 

The Lord Will Give True Security

32:9 You complacent 45  women,

get up and listen to me!

You carefree 46  daughters,

pay attention to what I say!

32:10 In a year’s time 47 

you carefree ones will shake with fear,

for the grape 48  harvest will fail,

and the fruit harvest will not arrive.

32:11 Tremble, you complacent ones!

Shake with fear, you carefree ones!

Strip off your clothes and expose yourselves –

put sackcloth on your waist! 49 

32:12 Mourn over the field, 50 

over the delightful fields

and the fruitful vine!

32:13 Mourn 51  over the land of my people,

which is overgrown with thorns and briers,

and over all the once-happy houses 52 

in the city filled with revelry. 53 

32:14 For the fortress is neglected;

the once-crowded 54  city is abandoned.

Hill 55  and watchtower

are permanently uninhabited. 56 

Wild donkeys love to go there,

and flocks graze there. 57 

32:15 This desolation will continue until new life is poured out on us from heaven. 58 

Then the desert will become an orchard

and the orchard will be considered a forest. 59 

32:16 Justice will settle down in the desert

and fairness will live in the orchard. 60 

32:17 Fairness will produce peace 61 

and result in lasting security. 62 

32:18 My people will live in peaceful settlements,

in secure homes,

and in safe, quiet places. 63 

32:19 Even if the forest is destroyed 64 

and the city is annihilated, 65 

32:20 you will be blessed,

you who plant seed by all the banks of the streams, 66 

you who let your ox and donkey graze. 67 

The Lord Will Restore Zion

33:1 The destroyer is as good as dead, 68 

you who have not been destroyed!

The deceitful one is as good as dead, 69 

the one whom others have not deceived!

When you are through destroying, you will be destroyed;

when you finish 70  deceiving, others will deceive you!

33:2 Lord, be merciful to us! We wait for you.

Give us strength each morning! 71 

Deliver us when distress comes. 72 

33:3 The nations run away when they hear a loud noise; 73 

the nations scatter when you spring into action! 74 

33:4 Your plunder 75  disappears as if locusts were eating it; 76 

they swarm over it like locusts! 77 

33:5 The Lord is exalted, 78 

indeed, 79  he lives in heaven; 80 

he fills Zion with justice and fairness.

33:6 He is your constant source of stability; 81 

he abundantly provides safety and great wisdom; 82 

he gives all this to those who fear him. 83 

33:7 Look, ambassadors 84  cry out in the streets;

messengers sent to make peace 85  weep bitterly.

33:8 Highways are empty, 86 

there are no travelers. 87 

Treaties are broken, 88 

witnesses are despised, 89 

human life is treated with disrespect. 90 

33:9 The land 91  dries up 92  and withers away;

the forest of Lebanon shrivels up 93  and decays.

Sharon 94  is like the desert; 95 

Bashan and Carmel 96  are parched. 97 

33:10 “Now I will rise up,” says the Lord.

“Now I will exalt myself;

now I will magnify myself. 98 

33:11 You conceive straw, 99 

you give birth to chaff;

your breath is a fire that destroys you. 100 

33:12 The nations will be burned to ashes; 101 

like thorn bushes that have been cut down, they will be set on fire.

33:13 You who are far away, listen to what I have done!

You who are close by, recognize my strength!”

33:14 Sinners are afraid in Zion;

panic 102  grips the godless. 103 

They say, 104  ‘Who among us can coexist with destructive fire?

Who among us can coexist with unquenchable 105  fire?’

33:15 The one who lives 106  uprightly 107 

and speaks honestly;

the one who refuses to profit from oppressive measures

and rejects a bribe; 108 

the one who does not plot violent crimes 109 

and does not seek to harm others 110 

33:16 This is the person who will live in a secure place; 111 

he will find safety in the rocky, mountain strongholds; 112 

he will have food

and a constant supply of water.

33:17 You will see a king in his splendor; 113 

you will see a wide land. 114 

33:18 Your mind will recall the terror you experienced, 115 

and you will ask yourselves, 116  “Where is the scribe?

Where is the one who weighs the money?

Where is the one who counts the towers?” 117 

33:19 You will no longer see a defiant 118  people

whose language you do not comprehend, 119 

whose derisive speech you do not understand. 120 

33:20 Look at Zion, the city where we hold religious festivals!

You 121  will see Jerusalem, 122 

a peaceful settlement,

a tent that stays put; 123 

its stakes will never be pulled up;

none of its ropes will snap in two.

33:21 Instead the Lord will rule there as our mighty king. 124 

Rivers and wide streams will flow through it; 125 

no war galley will enter; 126 

no large ships will sail through. 127 

33:22 For the Lord, our ruler,

the Lord, our commander,

the Lord, our king –

he will deliver us.

33:23 Though at this time your ropes are slack, 128 

the mast is not secured, 129 

and the sail 130  is not unfurled,

at that time you will divide up a great quantity of loot; 131 

even the lame will drag off plunder. 132 

33:24 No resident of Zion 133  will say, “I am ill”;

the people who live there will have their sin forgiven.

1 tn Heb “Woe [to] those who go down to Egypt for help.”

2 tn Heb “and trust in chariots for they are many.”

3 tn Heb “and in horsemen for they are very strong [or “numerous”].”

4 sn See the note on the phrase “the Holy One of Israel” in 1:4.

5 sn This statement appears to have a sarcastic tone. The royal advisers who are advocating an alliance with Egypt think they are wise, but the Lord possesses wisdom as well and will thwart their efforts.

6 tn Heb “and he does not turn aside [i.e., “retract”] his words”; NIV “does not take back his words.”

7 tn Heb “and he will arise against the house of the wicked.”

8 sn That is, Egypt.

9 tn Heb “and against the help of the doers of sin.”

10 tn Heb “will extend”; KJV, ASV, NASB, NCV “stretch out.”

11 tn Heb “together all of them will come to an end.”

12 tn Heb “As a lion growls, a young lion over its prey.” In the Hebrew text the opening comparison is completed later in the verse (“so the Lord will come down…”), after a parenthesis describing how fearless the lion is. The present translation divides the verse into three sentences for English stylistic reasons.

13 tn Heb “Though there is summoned against it fullness of shepherds, by their voice it is not terrified, and to their noise it does not respond.”

14 tn Some prefer to translate the phrase לִצְבֹּא עַל (litsbo’ ’al) as “fight against,” but the following context pictures the Lord defending, not attacking, Zion.

15 tn Heb “just as birds fly.” The words “over a nest” are supplied in the translation for clarification.

16 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

17 tn The only other occurrence of this verb is in Exod 12:13, 23, 27, where the Lord “passes over” (i.e., “spares”) the Israelite households as he comes to judge their Egyptian oppressors. The noun פֶּסַח (pesakh, “Passover”) is derived from the verb. The use of the verb in Isa 31:5 is probably an intentional echo of the Exodus event. As in the days of Moses the Lord will spare his people as he comes to judge their enemies.

18 tn Heb “Return to the one [against] whom the sons of Israel made deep rebellion.” The syntax is awkward here. A preposition is omitted by ellipsis after the verb (see GKC 446 §138.f, n. 2), and there is a shift from direct address (note the second plural imperative “return”) to the third person (note “they made deep”). For other examples of abrupt shifts in person in poetic style, see GKC 462 §144.p.

19 tn Or “in that day” (KJV).

20 tn Heb “reject” (so NIV); NRSV, TEV, CEV, NLT “throw away.”

21 tn Heb “the idols of their idols of silver and their idols of gold which your hands made for yourselves [in] sin.” חָטָא (khata’, “sin”) is understood as an adverbial accusative of manner. See J. N. Oswalt, Isaiah (NICOT), 1:573, n. 4.

22 tn Heb “Assyria will fall by a sword, not of a man.”

23 tn Heb “and a sword not of humankind will devour him.”

24 tn Heb “he will flee for himself from before a sword.”

25 tn Heb “rocky cliff” (cf. ASV, NASB “rock”), viewed metaphorically as a place of defense and security.

26 tn Heb “His rocky cliff, because of fear, will pass away [i.e., “perish”].”

27 tn Heb “and they will be afraid of the flag, his officers.”

28 sn The “fire” and “firepot” here symbolize divine judgment, which is heating up like a fire in Jerusalem, waiting to be used against the Assyrians when they attack the city.

29 tn Heb “will reign according to fairness.”

30 tn Heb “will rule according to justice.”

31 tn Heb “a man,” but אִישׁ (’ish) probably refers here to “each” of the officials mentioned in the previous verse.

32 tn Heb “Eyes that see.”

33 tn The Hebrew text as vocalized reads literally “will not gaze,” but this is contradictory to the context. The verb form should be revocalized as תְּשֹׁעֶינָה (tÿshoenah) from שָׁעַע (shaa’, “be blinded”); see Isa 6:10; 29:9.

34 tn Heb “ears that hear.”

35 tn Heb “the heart of rashness will understand knowledge”; cf. NAB “The flighty will become wise and capable.”

36 tn Or “foolishness,” in a moral-ethical sense. See 9:17.

37 tn Heb “and his heart commits sin”; KJV, ASV “his heart will work iniquity”; NASB “inclines toward wickedness.”

38 tn Heb “in order to do [or “so that he does”] what is godless [or “defiled”].”

39 tn Heb “so that he leaves empty the appetite [or “desire”] of the hungry.”

40 tn Heb “and the drink of the thirsty he causes to fail.”

41 tn Heb “as for a deceiver, his implements [or “weapons”] are evil.”

42 tn Or “he plans evil things”; NIV “he makes up evil schemes.”

43 tn Heb “to ruin the poor with words of falsehood, even when the needy speak what is just.”

44 tn Heb “and he upon honorable things stands.”

45 tn Or “self-assured”; NASB, NRSV “who are at ease.”

46 tn Or “self-confident”; NAB “overconfident.”

47 tn Heb “days upon a year.”

48 tn Or perhaps, “olive.” See 24:13.

49 tn The imperatival forms in v. 11 are problematic. The first (חִרְדוּ, khirdu, “tremble”) is masculine plural in form, though spoken to a feminine plural addressee (שַׁאֲנַנּוֹת, shaanannot, “complacent ones”). The four imperatival forms that follow (רְגָזָה, rÿgazah, “shake with fear”; פְּשֹׁטָה, pÿshotah, “strip off your clothes”; עֹרָה, ’orah, “expose yourselves”; and חֲגוֹרָה, khagorah, “put on”) all appear to be lengthened (so-called “emphatic”) masculine singular forms, even though they too appear to be spoken to a feminine plural addressee. GKC 131-32 §48.i suggests emending חִרְדוּ (khirdu) to חֲרָדָה (kharadah) and understanding all five imperatives as feminine plural “aramaized” forms.

50 tc The Hebrew text has “over mourning breasts.” The reference to “breasts” would make sense in light of v. 11, which refers to the practice of women baring their breasts as a sign of sorrow (see J. N. Oswalt, Isaiah [NICOT], 1:585). However, one expects the preposition עַל (’al) to introduce the source or reason for mourning (see vv. 12b-13a) and the participle סֹפְדִים (sofedim, “mourning”) seems odd modifying “breasts.” The translation above assumes a twofold emendation: (1) שָׁדַיִם (shadayim, “breasts”) is emended to [ם]שָׂדַי (saday[m], “field,” a term that also appears in Isa 56:9). The final mem (ם) would be enclitic in this case, not a plural indicator. (The Hebrew noun שָׂדֶה (sadeh, “field”) forms its plural with an וֹת- [-ot] ending). (2) The plural participle סֹפְדִים is emended to סְפֹדָה (sÿfodah), a lengthened imperatival form, meaning “mourn.” For an overview of various suggestions that have been made for this difficult line, see Oswalt, 586, n. 12).

51 tn “Mourn” is supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons. In the Hebrew text vv. 12-13 are one long sentence.

52 tn Heb “indeed, over all the houses of joy.” It is not certain if this refers to individual homes or to places where parties and celebrations were held.

53 sn This same phrase is used in 22:2.

54 tn Or “noisy” (NAB, NIV, NCV).

55 tn Hebrew עֹפֶל (’ofel), probably refers here to a specific area within the city of Jerusalem. See HALOT 861 s.v. II עֹפֶל.

56 tn The Hebrew text has בְעַד מְעָרוֹת (vÿad mÿarot). The force of בְעַד, which usually means “behind, through, round about,” or “for the benefit of,” is uncertain here. HALOT 616 s.v. *מְעָרָה takes מְעָרוֹת (mÿarot) as a homonym of “cave” and define it here as “cleared field.” Despite these lexical problems, the general point of the statement seems clear – the city will be uninhabited.

57 tn Heb “the joy of wild donkeys, a pasture for flocks.”

58 tn Heb “until a spirit is emptied out on us from on high.” The words “this desolation will continue” are supplied in the translation for clarification and stylistic purposes. The verb עָרָה (’arah), used here in the Niphal, normally means “lay bare, expose.” The term רוּחַ (ruakh, “spirit”) is often understood here as a reference to the divine spirit (cf. 44:3 and NASB, NIV, CEV, NLT), but it appears here without an article (cf. NRSV “a spirit”), pronominal suffix, or a genitive (such as “of the Lord”). The translation assumes that it carries an impersonal nuance “vivacity, vigor” in this context.

59 sn The same statement appears in 29:17b, where, in conjunction with the preceding line, it appears to picture a reversal. Here it seems to depict supernatural growth. The desert will blossom into an orchard, and the trees of the orchard will multiply and grow tall, becoming a forest.

60 sn This new era of divine blessing will also include a moral/ethical transformation, as justice and fairness fill the land and replace the social injustice so prevalent in Isaiah’s time.

61 tn Heb “and the product of fairness will be peace.”

62 tn Heb “and the work of fairness [will be] calmness and security forever.”

63 tn Or “in safe resting places”; NAB, NRSV “quiet resting places.”

64 tn Heb “and [?] when the forest descends.” The form וּבָרַד (uvarad) is often understood as an otherwise unattested denominative verb meaning “to hail” (HALOT 154 s.v. I ברד). In this case one might translate, “and it hails when the forest is destroyed” (cf. KJV, ASV, NASB, NIV). Perhaps the text alludes to a powerful wind and hail storm that knocks down limbs and trees. Some prefer to emend the form to וְיָרַד (vÿyarad), “and it descends,” which provides better, though not perfect, symmetry with the parallel line (cf. NAB). Perhaps וּבָרַד should be dismissed as dittographic. In this case the statement (“when the forest descends”) lacks a finite verb and seems incomplete, but perhaps it is subordinate to v. 20.

65 tn Heb “and in humiliation the city is laid low.”

66 tn Heb “by all the waters.”

67 tn Heb “who set free the foot of the ox and donkey”; NIV “letting your cattle and donkeys range free.”

sn This verse seems to anticipate a time when fertile land is available to cultivate and crops are so abundant that the farm animals can be allowed to graze freely.

68 tn Heb “Woe [to] the destroyer.”

sn In this context “the destroyer” appears to refer collectively to the hostile nations (vv. 3-4). Assyria would probably have been primary in the minds of the prophet and his audience.

69 tn Heb “and the deceitful one”; NAB, NIV “O traitor”; NRSV “you treacherous one.” In the parallel structure הוֹי (hoy, “woe [to]”) does double duty.

70 tc The form in the Hebrew text appears to derive from an otherwise unattested verb נָלָה (nalah). The translation follows the Qumran scroll 1QIsaa in reading ככלתך, a Piel infinitival form from the verbal root כָּלָה (kalah), meaning “finish.”

71 tn Heb “Be their arm each morning.” “Arm” is a symbol for strength. The mem suffixed to the noun has been traditionally understood as a third person suffix, but this is contrary to the context, where the people speak of themselves in the first person. The mem (מ) is probably enclitic with ellipsis of the pronoun, which can be supplied from the context. See J. N. Oswalt, Isaiah (NICOT), 1:589, n. 1.

72 tn Heb “[Be] also our deliverance in the time of distress.”

73 tn Heb “at the sound of tumult the nations run away.”

74 tn Heb “because of your exaltation the nations scatter.”

75 tn The pronoun is plural; the statement is addressed to the nations who have stockpiled plunder from their conquests of others.

76 tn Heb “and your plunder is gathered, the gathering of the locust.”

77 tn Heb “like a swarm of locusts swarming on it.”

78 tn Or “elevated”; NCV, NLT “is very great.”

79 tn Or “for” (KJV, NASB, NIV).

80 tn Heb “on high” (so KJV, NAB, NASB, NIV, NRSV); CEV “in the heavens.”

81 tn Heb “and he is the stability of your times.”

82 tn Heb “a rich store of deliverance, wisdom, and knowledge.”

83 tn Heb “the fear of the Lord, it is his treasure.”

84 tn The meaning of the Hebrew word is unknown. Proposals include “heroes” (cf. KJV, ASV “valiant ones”; NASB, NIV “brave men”); “priests,” “residents [of Jerusalem].” The present translation assumes that the term is synonymous with “messengers of peace,” with which it corresponds in the parallel structure of the verse.

85 tn Heb “messengers of peace,” apparently those responsible for negotiating the agreements that have been broken (see v. 8).

86 tn Or “desolate” (NAB, NASB); NIV, NRSV, NLT “deserted.”

87 tn Heb “the one passing by on the road ceases.”

88 tn Heb “one breaks a treaty”; NAB “Covenants are broken.”

89 tc The Hebrew text reads literally, “he despises cities.” The term עָרִים (’arim, “cities”) is probably a corruption of an original עֵדִים (’edim, “[legal] witnesses”), a reading that is preserved in the Qumran scroll 1QIsaa. Confusion of dalet (ד) and resh (ר) is a well-attested scribal error.

90 tn Heb “he does not regard human beings.”

91 tn Or “earth” (KJV); NAB “the country.”

92 tn Or “mourns” (BDB 5 s.v. I אָבַל). HALOT 6-7 lists homonyms I אבל (“mourn”) and II אבל (“dry up”). They propose the second here on the basis of parallelism. See 24:4.

93 tn Heb “Lebanon is ashamed.” The Hiphil is exhibitive, expressing the idea, “exhibits shame.” In this context the statement alludes to the withering of vegetation.

94 sn Sharon was a fertile plain along the Mediterranean coast. See 35:2.

95 tn Or “the Arabah” (NIV). See 35:1.

96 sn Both of these areas were known for their trees and vegetation. See 2:13; 35:2.

97 tn Heb “shake off [their leaves]” (so ASV, NRSV); NAB “are stripped bare.”

98 tn Or “lift myself up” (KJV); NLT “show my power and might.”

99 tn The second person verb and pronominal forms in this verse are plural. The hostile nations are the addressed, as the next verse makes clear.

100 sn The hostile nations’ plans to destroy God’s people will come to nothing; their hostility will end up being self-destructive.

101 tn Heb “will be a burning to lime.” See Amos 2:1.

102 tn Or “trembling” (ASV, NAB, NASB, NIV, NRSV); NLT “shake with fear.”

103 tn Or “the defiled”; TEV “The sinful people of Zion”; NLT “The sinners in Jerusalem.”

104 tn The words “they say” are supplied in the translation for clarification.

105 tn Or “perpetual”; or “everlasting” (KJV, ASV, NAB, NIV, NRSV).

106 tn Heb “walks” (so NASB, NIV).

107 tn Or, possibly, “justly”; NAB “who practices virtue.”

108 tn Heb “[who] shakes off his hands from grabbing hold of a bribe.”

109 tn Heb “[who] shuts his ear from listening to bloodshed.”

110 tn Heb “[who] closes his eyes from seeing evil.”

111 tn Heb “he [in the] exalted places will live.”

112 tn Heb “mountain strongholds, cliffs [will be] his elevated place.”

113 tn Heb “your eyes will see a king in his beauty”; NIV, NRSV “the king.”

114 tn Heb “a land of distances,” i.e., an extensive land.

115 tn Heb “your heart will meditate on terror.”

116 tn The words “and you will ask yourselves” are supplied in the translation for clarification and stylistic reasons.

117 sn The people refer to various Assyrian officials who were responsible for determining the amount of taxation or tribute Judah must pay to the Assyrian king.

118 tn The Hebrew form נוֹעָז (noaz) is a Niphal participle derived from יָעַז (yaaz, an otherwise unattested verb) or from עָזָז (’azaz, “be strong,” unattested elsewhere in the Niphal). Some prefer to emend the form to לוֹעֵז (loez) which occurs in Ps 114:1 with the meaning “speak a foreign language.” See HALOT 809 s.v. עזז, 533 s.v. לעז. In this case, one might translate “people who speak a foreign language.”

119 tn Heb “a people too deep of lip to hear.” The phrase “deep of lip” must be an idiom meaning “lips that speak words that are unfathomable [i.e., incomprehensible].”

120 tn Heb “derision of tongue there is no understanding.” The Niphal of לָעַג (laag) occurs only here. In the Qal and Hiphil the verb means “to deride, mock.” A related noun is used in 28:11.

121 tn Heb “your eyes” (so NASB, NIV, NRSV).

122 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

123 tn Or “that does not travel”; NASB “which shall not be folded.”

124 tn Heb “But there [as] a mighty one [will be] the Lord for us.”

125 tn Heb “a place of rivers, streams wide of hands [i.e., on both sides].”

126 tn Heb “a ship of rowing will not go into it.”

127 tn Heb “and a mighty ship will not pass through it.”

128 tn The words “though at this time” are supplied in the translation for clarification. The first half of the verse is addressed to Judah and contrasts the nation’s present weakness with its future prosperity. Judah is compared to a ship that is incapable of sailing.

129 tn Heb “they do not fasten the base of their mast.” On כֵּן (ken, “base”) see BDB 487 s.v. III כֵּן and HALOT 483 s.v. III כֵּן.

130 tn Or perhaps, “flag.”

131 tn Heb “then there will be divided up loot of plunder [in] abundance.”

132 sn Judah’s victory over its enemies will be so thorough there will be more than enough plunder for everyone, even slow-moving lame men who would normally get left out in the rush to gather the loot.

133 tn The words “of Zion” are supplied in the translation for clarification.

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