Vindicate me 5 by your power!
54:2 O God, listen to my prayer!
Pay attention to what I say! 6
ruthless men, who do not respect God, seek my life. 9 (Selah)
The Lord is among those who support me. 11
As a demonstration of your faithfulness, 14 destroy them!
I will give thanks to your name, O Lord, for it is good!
and I triumph over my enemies. 18
3 tn Heb “Is not David hiding with us?”
sn According to the superscription, David wrote this psalm during the period when Saul was seeking his life. On one occasion the Ziphites informed Saul that David was hiding in their territory (see 1 Sam 23:19-20).
4 tn God’s “name” refers here to his reputation and revealed character, which would instill fear in the psalmist’s enemies (see C. A. Briggs and E. G. Briggs, Psalms [ICC], 2:17).
5 tn The imperfect verbal form is used here to express the psalmist’s wish or request.
6 tn Heb “to the words of my mouth.”
7 tc Many medieval Hebrew
8 tn Heb “rise against me.”
9 tn Heb “and ruthless ones seek my life, they do not set God in front of them.”
10 tn Or “my helper.”
11 tn Or “sustain my life.”
13 tn The Kethib (consonantal text) reads a Qal imperfect, “the evil will return,” while the Qere (marginal reading) has a Hiphil imperfect, “he will repay.” The parallel line has an imperative (indicating a prayer/request), so it is best to read a jussive form יָשֹׁב (yashov, “let it [the evil] return”) here.
14 tn Heb “in [or “by”] your faithfulness.”
15 tn The cohortative verbal form expresses the psalmist’s resolve/vow to praise.
17 tn The perfects in v. 7 are probably rhetorical, indicating the psalmist’s certitude and confidence that God will intervene. The psalmist is so confident of God’s positive response to his prayer, he can describe God’s deliverance and his own vindication as if they were occurring or had already occurred.
18 tn Heb “and on my enemies my eyes look.”