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Psalms 114

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Psalm 114 1 

114:1 When Israel left Egypt,

when the family of Jacob left a foreign nation behind, 2 

114:2 Judah became his sanctuary,

Israel his kingdom.

114:3 The sea looked and fled; 3 

the Jordan River 4  turned back. 5 

114:4 The mountains skipped like rams,

the hills like lambs. 6 

114:5 Why do you flee, O sea?

Why do you turn back, O Jordan River?

114:6 Why do you skip like rams, O mountains,

like lambs, O hills?

114:7 Tremble, O earth, before the Lord –

before the God of Jacob,

114:8 who turned a rock into a pool of water,

a hard rock into springs of water! 7 

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1 sn Psalm 114. The psalmist recalls the events of the exodus and conquest and celebrates God’s kingship over his covenant people.

2 tn Heb “the house of Jacob from a nation speaking a foreign language.” The Hebrew verb לָעַז (laat, “to speak a foreign language”) occurs only here in the OT.

3 sn The psalmist recalls the crossing of the Red Sea (Exod 14:21).

4 tn Heb “the Jordan” (also in v. 5). The word “River” is not in the Hebrew text, but has been supplied in the translation for clarity.

5 sn The psalmist recalls the crossing of the Jordan River (Josh 3:13, 16).

6 sn The mountains skipped like rams, the hills like lambs. This may recall the theophany at Sinai when the mountain shook before God’s presence (Exod 19:18).

7 sn In v. 8 the psalmist recalls the event(s) recorded in Exod 17:6 and/or Num 20:11 (see also Deut 8:15 and Ps 78:15-16, 20).



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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