10:1 At that same time the Lord said to me, “Carve out for yourself two stone tablets like the first ones and come up the mountain to me; also make for yourself a wooden ark. 1 10:2 I will write on the tablets the same words 2 that were on the first tablets you broke, and you must put them into the ark.” 10:3 So I made an ark of acacia 3 wood and carved out two stone tablets just like the first ones. Then I went up the mountain with the two tablets in my hands. 10:4 The Lord 4 then wrote on the tablets the same words, 5 the ten commandments, 6 which he 7 had spoken to you at the mountain from the middle of the fire at the time of that assembly, and he 8 gave them to me. 10:5 Then I turned, went down the mountain, and placed the tablets into the ark I had made – they are still there, just as the Lord commanded me.
10:6 “During those days the Israelites traveled from Beeroth Bene-Yaaqan 9 to Moserah. 10 There Aaron died and was buried, and his son Eleazar became priest in his place. 10:7 From there they traveled to Gudgodah, 11 and from Gudgodah to Jotbathah, 12 a place of flowing streams. 10:8 At that time the Lord set apart the tribe of Levi 13 to carry the ark of the Lord’s covenant, to stand before the Lord to serve him, and to formulate blessings 14 in his name, as they do to this very day. 10:9 Therefore Levi has no allotment or inheritance 15 among his brothers; 16 the Lord is his inheritance just as the Lord your God told him. 10:10 As for me, I stayed at the mountain as I did the first time, forty days and nights. The Lord listened to me that time as well and decided not to destroy you. 10:11 Then he 17 said to me, “Get up, set out leading 18 the people so they may go and possess 19 the land I promised to give to their ancestors.” 20
10:12 Now, Israel, what does the Lord your God require of you except to revere him, 21 to obey all his commandments, 22 to love him, to serve him 23 with all your mind and being, 24 10:13 and to keep the Lord’s commandments and statutes that I am giving 25 you today for your own good? 10:14 The heavens – indeed the highest heavens – belong to the Lord your God, as does the earth and everything in it. 10:15 However, only to your ancestors did he 26 show his loving favor, 27 and he chose you, their descendants, 28 from all peoples – as is apparent today. 10:16 Therefore, cleanse 29 your heart and stop being so stubborn! 30 10:17 For the Lord your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great, mighty, and awesome God who is unbiased and takes no bribe, 10:18 who justly treats 31 the orphan and widow, and who loves resident foreigners, giving them food and clothing. 10:19 So you must love the resident foreigner because you were foreigners in the land of Egypt. 10:20 Revere the Lord your God, serve him, be loyal to him and take oaths only in his name. 10:21 He is the one you should praise; 32 he is your God, the one who has done these great and awesome things for you that you have seen. 10:22 When your ancestors went down to Egypt, they numbered only seventy, but now the Lord your God has made you as numerous as the stars of the sky. 33
1 tn Or “chest” (so NIV, CEV); NLT “sacred chest”; TEV “wooden box.” This chest was made of acacia wood; it is later known as the ark of the covenant.
2 sn The same words. The care with which the replacement copy must be made underscores the importance of verbal precision in relaying the
3 sn Acacia wood (Heb “shittim wood”). This is wood from the acacia, the most common timber tree of the Sinai region. Most likely it is the species Acacia raddiana because this has the largest trunk. See F. N. Hepper, Illustrated Encyclopedia of Bible Plants, 63.
4 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the
6 tn Heb “ten words.” The “Ten Commandments” are known in Hebrew as the “Ten Words,” which in Greek became the “Decalogue.”
7 tn Heb “the
8 tn Heb “the
9 sn Beeroth Bene-Yaaqan. This Hebrew name could be translated “the wells of Bene-Yaaqan” or “the wells of the sons of Yaaqan,” a site whose location cannot be determined (cf. Num 33:31-32; 1 Chr 1:42).
12 sn Jotbathah. This place, whose Hebrew name can be translated “place of wadis,” is possibly modern Ain Tabah, just north of Eilat, or Tabah, 6.5 mi (11 km) south of Eilat on the west shore of the Gulf of Aqaba.
13 sn The
15 sn Levi has no allotment or inheritance. As the priestly tribe, Levi would have no land allotment except for forty-eight towns set apart for their use (Num 35:1-8; Josh 21:1-42). But theirs was a far greater inheritance, for the
16 tn That is, among the other Israelite tribes.
18 tn Heb “before” (so KJV, ASV); NAB, NRSV “at the head of.”
19 tn After the imperative these subordinated jussive forms (with prefixed vav) indicate purpose or result.
22 tn Heb “to walk in all his ways” (so KJV, NIV, NRSV); NAB “follow his ways exactly”; NLT “to live according to his will.”
25 tn Heb “commanding” (so NASB, NRSV). For stylistic reasons, to avoid redundancy, “giving” has been used in the translation.
27 tn Heb “take delight to love.” Here again the verb אָהַב (’ahav, “love”), juxtaposed with בָחַר (bakhar, “choose”), is a term in covenant contexts that describes the
28 tn The Hebrew text includes “after them,” but it is redundant in English style and has not been included in the translation.
29 tn Heb “circumcise the foreskin of” (cf. KJV, ASV, NRSV). Reference to the Abrahamic covenant prompts Moses to recall the sign of that covenant, namely, physical circumcision (Gen 17:9-14). Just as that act signified total covenant obedience, so spiritual circumcision (cleansing of the heart) signifies more internally a commitment to be pliable and obedient to the will of God (cf. Deut 30:6; Jer 4:4; 9:26).
31 tn Or “who executes justice for” (so NAB, NRSV); NLT “gives justice to.”
32 tn Heb “your praise.” The pronoun is subjective and the noun “praise” is used here metonymically for the object of their praise (the Lord).
33 tn Or “heavens.” The Hebrew term שָׁמַיִם (shamayim) may be translated “heaven(s)” or “sky” depending on the context.