2 Samuel 7Tweetthis!
7:1 The king settled into his palace, 1 for the Lord gave him relief 2 from all his enemies on all sides. 3 7:2 The king said to Nathan the prophet, “Look! I am living in a palace made from cedar, while the ark of God sits in the middle of a tent.” 7:3 Nathan replied to the king, “You should go 4 and do whatever you have in mind, 5 for the Lord is with you.” 7:4 That night the Lord told Nathan, 6 7:5 “Go, tell my servant David: ‘This is what the Lord says: Do you really intend to build a house for me to live in? 7:6 I have not lived in a house from the time I brought the Israelites up from Egypt to the present day. Instead, I was traveling with them and living in a tent. 7 7:7 Wherever I moved among all the Israelites, I did not say 8 to any of the leaders 9 whom I appointed to care for 10 my people Israel, “Why have you not built me a house made from cedar?”’
7:8 “So now, say this to my servant David: ‘This is what the Lord of hosts says: I took you from the pasture and from your work as a shepherd 11 to make you leader of my people Israel. 7:9 I was with you wherever you went, and I defeated 12 all your enemies before you. Now I will make you as famous as the great men of the earth. 13 7:10 I will establish a place for my people Israel and settle 14 them there; they will live there and not be disturbed 15 any more. Violent men 16 will not oppress them again, as they did in the beginning 7:11 and during the time when I appointed judges to lead my people Israel. Instead, I will give you relief 17 from all your enemies. The Lord declares 18 to you that he himself 19 will build a dynastic house 20 for you. 7:12 When the time comes for you to die, 21 I will raise up your descendant, one of your own sons, to succeed you, 22 and I will establish his kingdom. 7:13 He will build a house for my name, and I will make his dynasty permanent. 23 7:14 I will become his father and he will become my son. When he sins, I will correct him with the rod of men and with wounds inflicted by human beings. 7:15 But my loyal love will not be removed from him as I removed it from Saul, whom I removed from before you. 7:16 Your house and your kingdom will stand before me 24 permanently; your dynasty 25 will be permanent.’” 7:17 Nathan told David all these words that were revealed to him. 26
7:18 King David went in, sat before the Lord, and said, “Who am I, O Lord God, and what is my family, 27 that you should have brought me to this point? 7:19 And you didn’t stop there, O Lord God! You have also spoken about the future of your servant’s family. 28 Is this your usual way of dealing with men, 29 O Lord God? 7:20 What more can David say to you? You have given your servant special recognition, 30 O Lord God! 7:21 For the sake of your promise and according to your purpose 31 you have done this great thing in order to reveal it to your servant. 32 7:22 Therefore you are great, O Lord God, for there is none like you! There is no God besides you! What we have heard is true! 33 7:23 Who is like your people, Israel, a unique nation 34 on the earth? Their God 35 went 36 to claim 37 a nation for himself and to make a name for himself! You did great and awesome acts for your land, 38 before your people whom you delivered for yourself from the Egyptian empire and its gods. 39 7:24 You made Israel your very own people for all time. 40 You, O Lord, became their God. 7:25 So now, O Lord God, make this promise you have made about your servant and his family a permanent reality. 41 Do as you promised, 42 7:26 so you may gain lasting fame, 43 as people say, 44 ‘The Lord of hosts is God over Israel!’ The dynasty 45 of your servant David will be established before you, 7:27 for you, O Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, have told 46 your servant, ‘I will build you a dynastic house.’ 47 That is why your servant has had the courage 48 to pray this prayer to you. 7:28 Now, O sovereign Lord, you are the true God! 49 May your words prove to be true! 50 You have made this good promise to your servant! 51 7:29 Now be willing to bless your servant’s dynasty 52 so that it may stand permanently before you, for you, O sovereign Lord, have spoken. By your blessing may your servant’s dynasty be blessed on into the future!” 53
1 tn Heb “house” (also in the following verse).
2 tn Or “rest.”
4 tc Several medieval Hebrew
5 tn Heb “all that is in your heart.”
6 tn Heb “the word of the
7 tn Heb “in a tent and in a dwelling.” The expression is a hendiadys, using two terms to express one idea.
8 tn Heb “Did I speak a word?” In the Hebrew text the statement is phrased as a rhetorical question.
10 tn Heb “whom I commanded to shepherd” (so NIV, NRSV).
11 tn Heb “and from after the sheep.”
12 tn Heb “cut off.”
13 tn Heb “and I will make for you a great name like the name of the great ones who are in the earth.”
14 tn Heb “plant.”
15 tn Heb “shaken.”
16 tn Heb “the sons of violence.”
17 tn Or “rest.”
18 tn In the Hebrew text the verb is apparently perfect with vav consecutive, which would normally suggest a future sense (“he will declare”; so the LXX, ἀπαγγελεῖ [apangelei]). But the context seems instead to call for a present or past nuance (“he declares” or “he has declared”). The synoptic passage in 1 Chr 17:10 has וָאַגִּד (va’aggid, “and I declared”). The construction used in 2 Sam 7:11 highlights this important statement.
19 tn Heb “the
20 tn Heb “house,” but used here in a metaphorical sense, referring to a royal dynasty. Here the
21 tn Heb, “when your days are full and you lie down with your ancestors.”
22 tn Heb “your seed after you who comes out from your insides.”
23 tn Heb “and I will establish the throne of his kingdom permanently.”
24 tc Heb “before you.” A few medieval Hebrew
25 tn Heb “throne.”
26 tn Heb “according to all these words and according to all this revelation, so Nathan said to David.”
27 tn Heb “house.”
28 tn Heb “and this was small in your eyes, O
29 tn Heb “and this [is] the law of man”; KJV “is this the manner of man, O Lord God?”; NAB “this too you have shown to man”; NRSV “May this be instruction for the people, O Lord God!” This part of the verse is very enigmatic; no completely satisfying solution has yet been suggested. The present translation tries to make sense of the MT by understanding the phrase as a question that underscores the uniqueness of God’s dealings with David as described here. The parallel passage in 1 Chr 17:17 reads differently (see the note there).
30 tn Heb “and you know your servant.” The verb here refers to recognizing another in a special way and giving them special treatment (see 1 Chr 17:18). Some English versions take this to refer to the Lord’s knowledge of David himself: CEV “you know my thoughts”; NLT “know what I am really like.”
31 tn Heb “for the sake of your word and according to your heart.”
32 tn Heb “to make known, your servant.”
33 tn Heb “in all which we heard with our ears.” The phrase translated “in all” בְּכֹל (bÿkhol) should probably be emended to “according to all” כְּכֹל (kÿkhol).
34 tn Heb “a nation, one.”
35 tn Heb “whose God” or “because God.” In the Hebrew text this clause is subordinated to what precedes. The clauses are separated in the translation for stylistic reasons.
36 tn The verb is plural in Hebrew, agreeing grammatically with the divine name, which is a plural of degree.
37 tn Heb “redeem.”
38 tn Heb “and to do for you [plural form] the great [thing] and awesome [things] for your land.”
39 tn Heb “from Egypt, nations and their gods.” The LXX has “nations and tents,” which reflects a mistaken metathesis of letters in אֶלֹהָיו (e’lohav, “its gods”) and אֹהָלָיו (’ohalav, “its tents”).
40 tn Heb “and you established for yourself your people Israel for yourself for a people permanently.”
41 tn Heb “and now, O
42 tn Heb “as you have spoken.”
44 tn Heb “saying.” The words “as people” are supplied in the translation for clarification and stylistic reasons.
45 tn Heb “the house.” See the note on “dynastic house” in the following verse.
46 tn Heb “have uncovered the ear of.”
48 tn Heb “has found his heart.”
49 tn Heb “the God.” The article indicates uniqueness here.
50 tn The translation understands the prefixed verb form as a jussive, indicating David’s wish/prayer. Another option is to take the form as an imperfect and translate “your words are true.”
51 tn Heb “and you have spoken to your servant this good thing.”
53 tn Or “permanently”; cf. NLT “it is an eternal blessing.”