1 Peter 4Tweetthis!
4:1 So, since Christ suffered 1 in the flesh, you also arm yourselves with the same attitude, because the one who has suffered in the flesh has finished with sin, 2 4:2 in that he spends the rest of his time 3 on earth concerned about the will of God and not human desires. 4:3 For the time that has passed was sufficient for you to do what the non-Christians 4 desire. 5 You lived then 6 in debauchery, evil desires, drunkenness, carousing, drinking bouts, 7 and wanton idolatries. 8 4:4 So 9 they are astonished 10 when you do not rush with them into the same flood of wickedness, and they vilify you. 11 4:5 They will face a reckoning before 12 Jesus Christ 13 who stands ready to judge the living and the dead. 4:6 Now it was for this very purpose 14 that the gospel was preached to those who are now dead, 15 so that though 16 they were judged in the flesh 17 by human standards 18 they may live spiritually 19 by God’s standards. 20
4:7 For the culmination of all things is near. So be self-controlled and sober-minded for the sake of prayer. 21 4:8 Above all keep 22 your love for one another fervent, 23 because love covers a multitude of sins. 24 4:9 Show hospitality 25 to one another without complaining. 4:10 Just as each one has received a gift, use it to serve one another 26 as good stewards of the varied grace of God. 4:11 Whoever speaks, let it be with 27 God’s words. 28 Whoever serves, do so with the strength 29 that God supplies, so that in everything God will be glorified through Jesus Christ. To him belong 30 the glory and the power forever and ever. Amen.
4:12 Dear friends, do not be astonished 31 that a trial by fire is occurring among you, 32 as though something strange were happening to you. 4:13 But rejoice in the degree that you have shared in the sufferings of Christ, so that when his glory is revealed 33 you may also rejoice and be glad. 34 4:14 If you are insulted for the name of Christ, you are blessed, because the Spirit of glory, 35 who is the Spirit of God, 36 rests 37 on you. 4:15 But let none of you suffer as a murderer or thief or criminal or as a troublemaker. 38 4:16 But if you suffer as a Christian, 39 do not be ashamed, but glorify 40 God that you bear such a name. 41 4:17 For it is time for judgment to begin, starting with the house 42 of God. And if it starts with us, what will be the fate 43 of those who are disobedient to the gospel of God? 4:18 And if the righteous are barely saved, what will become of 44 the ungodly and sinners? 45 4:19 So then let those who suffer according to the will of God entrust their souls to a faithful Creator as they do good. 46
1 tc Most
2 sn Has finished with sin. The last sentence in v. 1 may refer to Christ as the one who suffered in the flesh (cf. 2:21, 23; 3:18; 4:1a) and the latter part would then mean, “he has finished dealing with sin.” But it is more likely that it refers to the Christian who suffers unjustly (cf. 2:19-20; 3:14, 17). This shows that he has made a break with sin as vs. 2 describes.
3 tn This verse may give the purpose or result of their “arming” themselves as called for in v. 1b and then the translation would be: “so that you may spend the rest of your time…” But it is better to take it as explanatory of the last phrase in v. 1: what it means to be finished with sin.
4 tn Grk “the Gentiles,” used here of those who are not God’s people.
5 tn Grk “to accomplish the desire of the Gentiles.”
6 tn Grk “having gone along,” referring to the readers’ behavior in time past.
7 tn According to BDAG 857 s.v. πότος the term refers to a social gathering at which wine is served, hence “drinking parties” (cf. TEV, NASB). However, the collocation with the other terms in v. 4 suggests something less sophisticated and more along the lines of wild and frenzied drinking bouts.
8 tn The Greek words here all occur in the plural to describe their common practice in the past.
9 tn Grk “in/by which,” referring to the change of behavior described in v. 3. The unbelievers are astonished by the readers’ moral transformation. Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.
11 tn Grk “blaspheming,” giving the result of their astonishment. Here the target of their “blasphemy/vilification” is not God but the Christian.
12 tn Grk “give an account to.”
13 tn Grk “the one”; the referent (Jesus Christ) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
15 sn In context the phrase those who are dead refers to those now dead who had accepted the gospel while they were still living and had suffered persecution for their faith. Though they “suffered judgment” in this earthly life (i.e., they died, in the midst of physical abuse from the ungodly), they will enjoy life from God in the spiritual, heavenly realm because of the gospel (v. 6b). It clearly does not assume a second chance for conversion offered to unbelievers who had died; why would Peter urge people to suffer in this life for the sake of the gospel if he believed that mercy would be extended to all the dead in the hereafter (cf. 2:7-8; 4:1-5, 12-19)?
16 tn Grk “so that they may be judged…but may live.” Greek emphasizes the contrast between these two clauses more than can be easily expressed in English.
18 tn Grk “according to men.”
20 tn Grk “according to God.”
21 tn Grk “for prayers.”
23 tn Or “constant.”
24 sn The statement of v. 8b, love covers a multitude of sins, is proverbial: It is quoted from Prov 10:12 (cf. Jas 5:20). It speaks of the forbearance that comes with love: Christian love is patient and forgiving toward the offenses of a fellow Christian (Matt 18:21-22; 1 Cor 13:4-7).
27 tn Grk “if anyone speaks – as God’s words.”
28 tn Or “oracles.”
29 tn Grk “if anyone serves – with strength…”
30 tn Grk “is/are.”
32 tn Grk “at the burning among you, occurring to you for testing.”
33 tn Grk “in the revelation of his glory.”
35 tc Many
36 tn Grk “the Spirit of glory and of God.”
38 tn The meaning of the Greek word used here is uncertain. It may mean “spy, informer,” “revolutionary,” or “defrauder, embezzler.” But the most likely meaning is “busybody, one who meddles in the affairs of others, troublesome meddler.” The translation given in the text is intended to suggest this general idea.
39 tn The verb is implied by the context but not expressed; Grk “but if as a Christian.”
40 tn These are third-person imperatives in Greek (“if [one of you suffers] as a Christian, let him not be ashamed…let him glorify”), but have been translated as second-person verbs since this is smoother English idiom.
41 tn Grk “in this name.”
42 tn Grk “to begin from the house.”
43 tn Or “the end.”
44 tn Grk “where will he appear.”
sn A quotation from Prov 11:31 (LXX).
46 tn Grk “in doing good.”